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Snakes

Raise your hand if you fear snakes
If you are one of them, fret not because you are not alone. Snakes are considered among the most feared creatures on the planet. What’s even more fascinating is that this phobia has been found to be innate to human beings.
Researchers in Germany conducted a study wanting to know if people are born fearing snakes.
Guess what they found out. Even a 6-month old baby can fear snakes.
But how dangerous are snakes?
According to the World Health Organization(WHO), 81,000 – 138,000 people die every year from snake bites. And 3 times these figures suffer permanent disability including amputations.
Kenya is home to about 126 species of snakes both poisonous and non-poisonous. The good news is, except for a few species, most of the snakes won’t bite unless you corner or provoke them.
In this article, you’ll learn not only how to identify, but also how to control snakes when they make their way into your home.
But first…

As mentioned above, there are hundreds of snake species in this country. The following list focuses on the most venomous and common types.

#1.Black Mamba

The black mamba is the second most poisonous snake after the King Cobra. They get their
name not from the skin color but rather from the inside of their mouth which is blue-black.
The black mamba is actually brown in color. They are also considered one of the fastest snakes in the world – it can slither at a speed of 12.5 miles per hour.
The black mamba is generally non confrontational. When you bump into it mostly on the grassland basking on the sun, it will make its way to safety very fast.

If cornered, however, it raises its head, pulls it’s body up in the air sometimes up 1⁄3 of it’s body length, opens its black mouth and hisses ready to strike.
Black mamba’s venom is highly potent and it’s known to inject up to 12 times the lethal dose and it can bite upto 12 times in a single attack. It’s poison is both neurotoxic and haemotoxic meaning it can intefere with the Central Nervous System(CNS) and the blood system causing even heart attck. When not attend fast enough, a victim can die within 20 minutes.
Venom comes from 2 enlarged fangs in front of the mouth next to two solid teeth in both jaws. The black mamba is an egg laying snake (some snakes give birth to youngones), and lays up to 20 eggs.They love eating rodents, birds, and frogs.

#2. Puff Adder.

The Puff Adder is one snake few people know well. It’s got a light brownish stripped stocky body and an arrow shapped head. It’s heavy body makes it sluggish and therefore it depends on comflouge for safety.
It likes dry areas sometimes rocky grasslands or you can find it relaxing under a tree covered in dry litter.
Because it’s pretty lazy to run, this snake is extremely confrontational and always willing to bite.
When attacking, it’s head swings super fast. It has large venom fangs and solid teeth in both jaws.
Puff Adder’s venom primarily targets and destroys body tissues. The bitten wound will show two teeth marks and a swelling.
It’s best diet are rats, frogs and small birds.
Female Puff Adder gives birth to high number of young ones..

3. Green Mamba

The Green Mamba is another common snake in Kenya. It’s shy and will always run away when it sees you. But like the Black Mamba its very dangerous when provoked. It’s has greenish, light-weight body which can slide on top of green shrubs very fast.
You can also find it on green grass especially near a water source like a stream, a leaky tank or dam.
Green Mamba have two solid teeth and a venom fang infront of the mouth.
It’s poison is neurotoxic( affects the nervous system) and therefore act very fast. The bitten area will show tiny teeth marks which can easily go unnoticed.
Female Green Mamba lays up to 16 eggs hatching within 2 months.
Female Puff Adder gives birth to high number of young ones..

4. Snouted Cobra

The Snouted Cobra is the most common type of cobras found in Kenya. It’s normally brown or dark brown with a yellowish under belly.
It also has dark band under the head on the belly side. Apart from it’s bid head, you can identify this type of serpent by it’s long tail. Men usually grow much larger that females.
Snouted Cobra are generally less confrontational but they have the ability to attack if cornered or provoked.
They love staying in termites mound holes and will rarely move too far from its holes. When it see’s an enemy it dives back into the holes.
Females can lay up to 20 eggs in those termites holes. They hatch within 90 days to young ones which do their first molding after 10 days.
Snouted Cobra vemon is neurotoxic. It majorly affect the central nervous and pulmonary system
killing its victim within minutes.

Doing away with snakes may seem hard but in it’s core, it’s all about cutting the two main basic needs snakes depend to survive. You guessed it right.

Water and Food.

For water, you want to make sure there’s no leakage or free standing water in your compound.
When your concrete tank leaks, fix it immediately.
If you can’t control water, then make sure your compound is mowed regularly to minimize hideouts.
In case of the cobra, you want to make sure no termite mounds are present in your compound.
All past treated nests should be sealed completely.

How about food?
Snake’s diet normally consists of frogs, rats, and lizards.
It doesn’t matter what other measures you are taking. If you’ve got the above pests in your house then it’s not uncommon to have snakes as your guests well.
To handle the pests that snakes prey on, we encourage you engage services of professional pest control companies.
Snake repellants are also effective in chasing the serpents away. And most of pest control operators use them.
At Intex Pest Limited, we are always ready to help you. We’ve got the experience and expertise
to deal with snakes in a way that is safe you, your pets and the environment