How to Control Mosquitoes in Kenya
We all struggle with it.
I mean the unmistakable irritation you get after being bitten by these creatures.
Mosquitoes may look super weak in their elongated shaky legs, but when they sink their teeth into your flesh you instantly feel it. The way their saliva causes an allergic reaction with your skin is so nasty that sometimes just talking about them makes you develop goosebumps.
But as you may know, the real trouble lies in diseases these gory creatures spread. When I mention disease your mind probably went straight to Malaria. This is because few of us know about the other deadly maladies like Zika, Yellow Fever, Elephantiasis, and Dengue fever.
While Malaria is still one of the biggest threats, those other diseases are bad as well.
What are the common types of mosquitoes in Kenya?
Because of their small size, it’s usually difficult to tell the difference between them. But there are 3 common species of mosquitoes in Kenya. Now let’s look at each one of them individually.
- Anopheles Mosquito
Anopheles mosquito is the most common type. Females feed on blood while male Anopheles feed on nectar. The females actually can’t survive without the blood meal because it’s crucial for egg development. Female Anopheles is the one that transmits Malaria.
During the day, you’ll find them relaxing in regions with less light. Like inside wardrobe, in the corners of the room, under the table and even on the darker part of the ceiling. Anopheles are dark greyish and like standing at 45-degree angle with the surface.
2. Culex Mosquito
Culex Mosquito shares the physical appearances with the Anopheles. It’s hard to tell them apart but when you look at them when resting you’ll find Culex mosquito sit parallel to the surface while Anopheles assumes an angle.
Culex mosquitoes spread elephantiasis disease – a painful disease that results in disfigured limbs.
- Aedes Mosquito
The is the most unique among the three. It’s black with white patches and it’s slightly larger in size compared with the first two.
It’s one the most dangerous and it spreads quite a number of diseases including The Zika Virus, The Dengue Fever, The Yellow Fever, and Rift Valley Fever.
Interesting facts about mosquitoes
- Mosquitoes need only a cup full of water to lay eggs and breed.
- Mosquitoes can grow from an egg – larva – adult in under 10 days
- Mosquitoes detect you from as far as 35 feet using C02 and warmth coming from you.
- Mosquitoes are attracted to darker color. So wearing bright colored clothes helps.
Practical tips to help you control mosquitoes
As we’ve seen, mosquitoes are a constant threat to millions of precious human life. Effective control of these deadly disease vectors calls for cooperation and participation of all the members in the household.
It’s especially important to let everyone at home including households to play part in the journey towards the mosquito-free environment.
Here are some effective things you can do:
- Avoid stagnant water in the compound: most of us know that even a cup of water left staying stagnant within the compound is not good. But it’s not uncommon to see flower pots, children toys, old tires and related items collecting water in the compound.
- Cover water in drums: this too is a no brainer. Make sure all the water stored for use is covered with a tight lid. Even water in the bathroom left on basins for 5 days is a threat.
- Regularly check for blockage of the gutter: Debris like falling leaves and packaging papers blown by wind land on the roof and during rain they move and block the gutter. This creates collected water favorable for mosquito breeding.
- Keep windows closed or use insect screen: Keeping windows closed will prevent mosquitoes from getting inside especially early morning or evening. You can also fit screens on windows.
- Use natural repellants: Essential oils like neem, eucalyptus, lemongrass are proven to help to keep mosquitoes away. Some insecticides are in fact made using these oils. You can also be creative and plant them on your garden and don’t forget adding marigold.
If infestation gets out of hand we encourage you to engage pest control experts. At Intex Pest, we’ve got the expertise and experience to help you get rid of mosquitoes. Some of the techniques we use include:
- Male sterilization
- Indoor spraying with residual insecticides
- Outdoor fogging and spraying.