scientific classification
Kingdom Animalia
Phylum Arthropoda
Class Insecta
Order Hemiptera
Suborder Heteroptera
Infraorder Cimicomorpha
Superfamily Cimicodae
Family Cimicidae


Bed bugs are flat, reddish-brown, oval insects up to 4 to 5 mm long or the size of an apple seed. Swollen and reddish after a blood meal. For more information, see What do Bed Bugs Look Like?

bed bug feeding Behavior, Diet & Habits

Bed bugs only feed on blood. Under cool conditions, bed bugs have been able to survive up to a year without a meal.

They prefer to be more active at night when the host is asleep. Bed bugs are found in cracks and crevices, including mattress seams, sheets, furniture, behind baseboards, electrical outlet plates and picture frames.

Often found in hotels, where they can travel from room to room and in visitors’ luggage or other personal belongings such as purses and briefcases.

Symptoms of Bed Bug Infestation

  • Localized itching
  • reddish color skin lassion
  • skin infection
  • insomnia and anxiety
  • blood stains on white bed sheets and pillow cases
  • tiny oval shaped white eggs at the edge and seams of the mattress
  • bed bug exoskeleton at the corners of the beds

How do you get Bed Bugs?

You can pick up bed bugs almost anywhere — offices, stores, hotels and gyms for starters. They’re great at hiding and have been known to hitchhike in luggage, personal belongings or even you. Once indoors, they can be very difficult to control without the help of an experienced pest specialist. You can reduce your chances of a costly bed bug infestation by catching them early.bed bug and fecal spots

Tips to prevent bedbugs infestation

  • Remove all clutter from your home, which makes finding bed bugs easier.
  • Wash and dry your bed linens on the hottest temperature permitted.
  • Closely inspect any second-hand furniture before bringing it in your home.
  • inspect your home after moving, trips, service calls or overnight guests.

How serious are Bed Bugs?

Females can deposit one to five eggs a day, and may lay 200 to 500 eggs in a Bed Bug’s lifetime. Under normal room temperatures and with an adequate food supply, they can live for more than 300 days.
Bed Bugs and Disease
It is possible that Bed Bugs can carry diseases, however, they are not known to transmit diseases to people. To learn more, see Bed Bugs and Disease.
Bed Bug Bites
Bed Bugs feed exclusively on blood, and people have various responses to Bed Bug Bites. To identify, learn about symptoms etc, see Bed Bug Bites.

Facts about bed bugs

  • bedbugs are obligatory hematophagous {blood sucking} insects
  • bedbugs are attracted to the host by co2, warmth and certain chemicals
  • bedbugs pierce through the skin and inject saliva with anticoagulant and pain killer
  • sensitivity of human varies from extreme allergic to no reaction at all
  • bed bugs sexual attraction majorly occur primarily on size
  • bed bug can ingest seven times blood its weight
  • bed bug spends around ten minutes on its host and return to its harbourage areas
  • bed bug sheds off at least five times before becoming an adult
  • bed bug eggs have shells around it thus not being able to be destroyed by many chemicals.
  • they multiply quickly
  • bed bug resurgence is due to increase in international travels, dense urban living condition, insecticide resistance and new ineffective pest control methods
  • bed bugs live in clusters
  • bed bugs mate through traumatic insemination
  • bed bug use pheromones and kairomons to communicate regarding nesting location, feeding and reproduction.
  • bed bug can withstand up to a temperature of 113 degrees Fahrenheit and as low as negative 122 degrees Fahrenheit

Tips to avoid bed bugs

  • Fumigate the house before moving in
  • inspect and treat all second hand cloths and furniture
  • vacuum clean or treat all cloths after a trip
  • try as much as possible to De-congest the house
  • use medicated soaps and detergents from intex pest limited to do your laundry


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